Updated: March 18, 2023
When planning a trip to Australia, the following answers to the most common travel questions can help you confidently create an excellent travel itinerary.
Whether you want to see the Great Barrier Reef’s colorful coral, discover the Aboriginal legends of Uluru, explore Australia’s best wine regions, or enjoy glamor in Sydney Harbour, this guide will share everything you need to know.
Discover the best times to visit Australia’s states and territories, popular destinations, safety information, and more recommendations for your vacation.
The best time to visit Australia is from March to May or September to November. These months represent the shoulder seasons, fall and spring, boasting milder temperatures than summer, reasonable travel rates, and fewer crowds.
The best time to visit Australia may differ from one state or territory to another, but the fall and spring months are ideal for most travel experiences. For example, you could explore the Northern Territory’s Uluru in September, sip wine in the Barossa Valley in May, or swim with the Great Barrier Reef’s sealife in October.
December to February is the hottest time of the year in Australia, while June to August brings winter weather to many parts of the country. As Australia is a year-round destination, you can visit during the summer and winter months if you can manage the heat or wish to see snow in areas like the Australian Alps.
Learn more: Best Time to Visit Australia
You can spend as long or as little as you like in Australia, though typical tours range from 10 to 14 days.
This is an excellent timeframe, as you can spend your days exploring several places. You could, for example, enjoy a family trip that includes Melbourne, Sydney, and Port Douglas, or embrace romance on your honeymoon from Sydney to Uluru, Cairns, Mossman, and Melbourne.
Shorter trips are also possible with Zicasso on highlight tours of famous cities. We also plan extended vacations for travelers who wish to explore slowly, visiting popular destinations and places off the beaten path, or combine their trip with a stop in New Zealand.
There are six states and two territories in Australia and the list below highlights them:
Within Australia’s six states and two territories are many great travel destinations and the following list shares the most popular:
Discover their highlights, recommendations for how long to spend in each city, town, region, or island, and more in our guide to the 10 best places to visit in Australia. You can also explore information on the 8 best cities to visit in Australia.
From the Great Barrier Reef’s secret islands to rural towns in the outback, desert villages in Western Australia, and breathtaking resorts along its coastlines, the following list showcases the best remote destinations in which to avoid crowds:
Australia is a massive country, with large states and territories offering many options. So when planning your trip, you may find it challenging to decide where to go, but understanding the type of experience you wish to have can guide your decisions.
Some travelers visit popular cities like Sydney and Melbourne, and spend days exploring the Great Barrier Reef. At the same time, thrill-seekers and adventurers relish itineraries that take them to Port Douglas, Daintree National Park, and Cradle Mountain. Couples may prefer the quiet romance of Uluru and Mossman, while seniors may prefer Alice Springs and Cairns.
A Zicasso travel specialist can help you choose where to go and craft an itinerary unique to you.
New Zealand is around the corner from Australia, so it is common for travelers to combine their Australian vacation with a few days in New Zealand.
Our Zicasso travel specialists plan thousands of multi-country trips to Australia and New Zealand, and we have a wide selection of sample itineraries that include both.
Besides a trip to the two countries, you can easily visit other destinations in the South Pacific from Australia, like Bora Bora and Fiji.
From fine dining in Sydney to road trips along the Great Ocean Road, swimming in the Great Barrier Reef to stargazing in Uluru, this list showcases the top things to do:
Explore our guide to the top 9 things to do in Australia, which shares more insight into the unique travel experiences across the country, helping you select the best things to do.
As one of the world's natural wonders, the Great Barrier Reef is a bucket-list experience. The coral formations are breathtaking, you can discover rare marine species, and there are sensational scuba-diving spots to explore. You should, if time allows, visit the Great Barrier Reef at least once.
Surf, snorkel, scuba dive, or relax on Australia’s beaches, some of the best in the world. Whether you want to enjoy the seclusion of hidden coves or the glamor of famous seaside resorts, there are beaches for every type of traveler. Below, we share a list of the top ones:
From hiking to cycling, snorkeling to scenic drives, Australia is an excellent place for outdoor adventures.
Each state or territory shares unique experiences that leverage the qualities of its environments. For example, hiking trails carve through lush forests in Queensland, cycling tracks descend the desert banks of South Australia, and scuba-diving spots pepper Western Australia’s coastline.
From one destination or national park to the next, you can embrace the thrill of outdoor adventure when you visit the country.
See koalas clinging to trees, watch humpback whales breach the water of the Great Barrier Reef, or feed baby kangaroos as you spot and interact with Australian wildlife in the following places:
Australia produces some of the best wines in the world. Shiraz, pinot noir, cabernet sauvignon, chardonnay, and sémillon are some of the best varieties in the country. From the Barossa to Yarra Valley, you can visit world-class vineyards to taste exceptional vintages and learn about local wine-making culture.
Planes, trains, buses, private and rental cars, and boats are some of the best ways to travel around.
You will find that some modes of transportation are more efficient than others, while some are more scenic. For example, flying is the quickest way to get from one city to the next, while cross-country train trips are breathtaking ways to travel between states or territories. Cars and buses are best for city tours, while boats are best for island hopping.
Wherever you go and whatever you do, your Zicasso travel specialist will arrange appropriate transfers for your trip, keeping in mind your idea of the perfect vacation.
From little explorers to beach-loving teenagers, adventure families, and grown-up history buffs, Australia is an excellent destination for all family members.
You can enjoy the laidback lifestyle and family-friendly atmosphere as you spend time discovering the country. There are wildlife sanctuaries where you can see koalas clinging to trees, the Great Barrier Reef’s spectacular coral gardens for snorkeling, and a culinary culture of flavorful dishes accessible to young palates.
Soak up the sunshine on Sydney’s beaches, explore the world-class museum exhibits in Melbourne, or trek across the Australian outback on your next family trip.
Learn more: Australia Family Vacations
A laidback atmosphere envelops Australia’s cities, making it a stunning destination for senior travelers wanting a relaxing and comfortable vacation in the South Pacific. Historic neighborhoods like the Rocks express a cultural vibrancy in and amongst the modern cityscapes, and the coast boasts lavish resort towns for senior trips under the sun.
You can experience Australian musical culture in the Sydney Opera House, cross the sea to Fitzroy Island to discover the Great Barrier Reef in style, and learn about Aboriginal history against the backdrop of Uluru.
Australia’s commitment to senior tourism shines through expert guides leading insightful tours, first-class accommodations catering to your every need, and captivating experiences you can enjoy without a hurry.
Learn more: Australia Tours for Seniors
Sip wines in the Barossa Valley, enjoy each other's company on a Great Ocean Road trip, or embrace seclusion on an island resort in Australia, a dream destination for couples and honeymooners.
Australia tours for couples can combine adventure in the Great Barrier Reef with relaxation on secret islands, wine tasting across the countryside with city tours. From the Southern Highlands of New South Wales to Tasmania’s Cradle Mountains, you can get lost in the beauty of Australia as you explore with your partner.
There are exquisite seaside and outback accommodations to elevate your romantic experience, and expert guides to take you on private tours of highlights, including the Blue Mountains and Daintree Rainforest.
Global culinary influence translates into Australian cuisine, though there is a unique local flair to dishes and various authentic Australian foods to try. The following list shares the top foods to enjoy:
Australia is very safe for travelers. The crime rate is low, locals are friendly, and the lifestyle is carefree.
Many visitors fear snakes, spiders, and aggressive wildlife, but it's unlikely you will encounter such threats in Australian cities or when traveling with a destination expert. Some travelers express concerns about touring the outback and Australia’s remote regions. However, you can navigate these harsh environments comfortably with your knowledgeable guide, plenty of sunscreen, and bottled water.
Some travelers also worry about natural disasters, such as bushfires, droughts, floods, and cyclones. That said, your Zicasso travel specialist will guide you through the precautions to take and update you before your trip.
When planning your trip to Australia, a Zicasso travel specialist can provide you with all the safety guidance you may require to enjoy a worry-free vacation.
Australia’s official language is Australian English, a dialect with some differences from American English in terms of spelling and grammar.
For the most part, you will have absolutely no issues communicating with locals, hotel concierges, restaurant staff, and others. However, you will hear some unique Australian slang.
The most popular Australian slang terms you will hear on your vacation include:
The CDC Australia vaccination information provides a comprehensive list of vaccination recommendations for your trip.
While you may not require these to enter Australia, we recommend you consult your doctor or travel nurse about the most appropriate vaccinations for the areas you plan to visit.
The best airport to fly in and out of when visiting Australia is Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport (SYD). Sydney’s international airport is Australia’s largest and one of three with direct flights from the United States. Below, we share the top options for international and domestic flights, including airports in Melbourne and Brisbane:
The official currency of Australia is the Australian dollar ($).
You will use Australian dollars across the country, so we advise visiting a currency exchange provider to take cash with you. That said, many establishments in tourist destinations like Sydney and Melbourne accept electronic payments in the form of Visa, Mastercard, and American Express.
You can plan your trip to Australia with the help of a Zicasso travel specialist. Having designed thousands of tours across Australia, our specialists create itineraries you can view in our Australia tours and vacations.
From family-friendly ideas on exploring the Great Barrier Reef and Australia’s famous cities to honeymoons in Cairns and the Cradle Mountains, these sample trips can inspire your custom vacation.
With an idea of where you would like to go and what you would like to do, you can submit a trip request to get in touch with a travel specialist. The additional questions in this form will help our Travel Care team match you with a top travel specialist who can tailor your itinerary.
From planning to booking and assisting with emergencies that may occur during your trip, your designated travel specialist will provide you with the support to enjoy a stress-free journey from the moment you inquire until the moment you return home.
Whether you wish to taste wine, sail between islands, or step into the remarkable outback, you can find the best ideas for your trip with sample itineraries from our Australia tours and vacations.
The marvels of Australia can introduce you to ancient culture in North Queensland or the famous Sydney Opera House, café culture in Melbourne or whale watching near Perth. To learn more about Australia and find additional inspiration for your trip, visit our Australia travel guide.