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8 Mountains in Africa You Should Explore

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Elephant with Mount of Kilimajaro in the background in Tanzania

Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

From Mount Kilimanjaro to the wild trails of the Great Rift Valley and the breathtaking views from atop Table Mountain, Africa is crisscrossed by a series of intrinsic mountains, trails, and hiking expeditions.

Many African countries display a unique range of towering mountains that set the scene for a dramatic landscape or form the backdrop to cities, game parks, or lakes, and all offer an opportunity to hike, admire from afar, or even sleep under the stars.

Whether embarking on one-day excursions with primates or ten-day treks into the clouds, there are a few rocky masterpieces that stand out and discovering any of them will leave adventurers truly reaching for the stars.

Overview

  1. Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
  2. Table Mountain, South Africa
  3. Mount Kenya, Kenya
  4. Drakensberg Mountains, South Africa
  5. Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda
  6. Simien Mountains, Ethiopia
  7. Erongo Mountains, Namibia
  8. Virunga Mountains, Rwanda
  9. Discover the Perfect African Safari for You

Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Amboseli National Park with Mount Kilimanjaro in the background

Amboseli National Park with Mount Kilimanjaro in the background

Tanzania's Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the continent's most famous images, its snowy peak standing tall, a giraffe silhouetted against the base, standing in vast grassland. This is the world's highest free-standing mountain, over 4,000 meters of vertical climbing to the summit, an expedition that takes six to nine days, depending on the route. Rise through the exotic forest, rugged moorland, an alpine moonscape, and, finally, the summit. Kilimanjaro is one in a series of extinct and dormant volcanic cones that are now amongst the world's highest free-standing mountains, each offering exciting, but challenging summits.

Table Mountain, South Africa

Table Mountain, Cape Town, South Africa

Table Mountain, Cape Town, South Africa

The pride of Cape Town, majestic and magnificent, the famous Table Mountain is the most photographed and visited mountain in South Africa. Whether you hike to the top and take the cable car down or choose to walk up and down, once on top, the views over the Atlantic Ocean, the city bowl below and beyond, are simply breathtaking. Kirstenbosch Gardens is set at the foot of the eastern side of the mountain and the mountain range itself comprises over 2000 plant and over 1000 flower species. The mountain is one of the new seven world wonders and one of the oldest. Hikes can take up to four hours, with various routes to explore.

Mount Kenya, Kenya

Scenic mountain landscapes against sky at mount Kenya

Mount Kenya, Kenya

The largest mountain in Kenya, Mount Kenya stands proudly in a national park and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. Boasting phenomenal views over plains and monuments, this highlight of the country sees fewer visitors than its neighbor in Tanzania, offering a private hiking experience to all who climb it. Steep cliffs and a dramatic summit invite hikers up, taking up to a week to climb, passing forests, lakes, and grasslands, and culminating in a snow-filled peak. Rivers and caves surround Mount Kenya and the beautiful scenery makes reaching the top most rewarding.

Drakensberg Mountains, South Africa

Drakensberg Mountains at sunset in South Africa

Drakensberg Mountains, South Africa

Boarding the Kingdom of Lesotho and creating a dramatic backdrop to the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, the Drakensberg Mountains are indeed majestic and comprise southern, central and northern “Berg”. Mountain bike trails, hiking, and abseiling are just some activities available in the region, with accommodation nestled below the mountains surrounded by lakes, dams, and lush vegetation. Learn about the famous battles fought in the area and marvel at Bushmen paintings marking many caves and mountain walls. Embark on a day hike or walk through the popular caverns and peaks at a leisurely pace, returning to your hotel or cottage for overnight.

Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda

Rwenzori Mountains in Uganda

Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda

The snow-peaked Rwenzori Mountains lie close to the equator along the Uganda-Congo border and create a diverse scene of sheer magnitude, breathtaking beauty, and fresh water which is bottled at the source. Nicknamed the Mountains of the Moon, they stand solid on the floor of the western Rift Valley, flowers, trees, bamboo, and montane forest painting a fantastical picture and creating a dwelling space for many animals in the Rwenzori National Park. Skilled climbers take up the challenge of a 9- to 12-day trek as they make their way to the summit of Margherita. For the less adventurous, shorter nature walks are possible nearby.

Simien Mountains, Ethiopia

Ethiopian wolf in the Simien Mountains in Ethiopia

Simien Mountains, Ethiopia

Forming part of the Ethiopian Highlands, the Simien Mountains are made up of valleys and peaks, with Ras Dejen noted as one of the top ten highest mountains in Africa. Known as the Roof of Africa because of the large area they cover in length and height, they boast several altitude plateaus, created by volcanic lava flow. They are said to be among the most beautiful in Africa and are easily accessible by car, as well as being popular hiking destinations. Wildlife seek refuge on the slopes, curiously peeking out as travelers go by. Capture this UNESCO World Heritage Site with your camera and your soul.

Erongo Mountains, Namibia

Erongo Mountains in Namibia

Erongo Mountains, Namibia

Hike your way through dramatic rock formations, canyons and authentic African landscape when you embark on the Erongo Mountain trail. Taking just one and a half days to hike, the guided trail takes you through nature and wildlife scenes that truly inspire you. Minerals and semi-precious stones line the mountain and discovering Bushmen paintings and having the chance to encounter the San tribe make this incredible experience well worth it. The Erongo Mountains stand in the heart of Namibia and offer a peaceful break from a Namibian safari, sand, or sea experience.

Virunga Mountains, Rwanda

Volcanoes National Park in the Virunga mountains in Rwanda

Virunga Mountains, Rwanda

A chain of eight volcanoes makes up the Virunga Mountains that lie between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu in the East African Rift Valley, two of them still active. Endangered mountain gorillas can be found on the slopes of the mountains, co-existing with local tribes and communities in tranquil settings. Admire from afar or hike one of several trails, taking in the captivating scenery of the mountains and Volcanoes National Park. Lush landscapes, occasionally splashed with muddy hills, unique wildlife, and misty peaks, impress all who visit this popular part of Rwanda. Spend time exploring and enjoying before or after your search for gentle giants.

Discover the Perfect African Safari for You

Hikers at Table Mountain in Cape Town, South Africa

Table Mountain, Cape Town, South Africa

The dramatic scene of a breathtaking mountain can instantly fulfill our souls and evoke a feeling of rejuvenation and peace. Hiking or walking the trails created on these magnificent natural creations gives one a sense of accomplishment and at the same time the awareness of how small we really are. Mountains act as perfect backdrops for dramatic scenes below and around them, and whether looking at them from afar or reaching for the summit, one step at a time, your Zicasso Travel Specialist can plan your adventure with you. To learn more, fill out a Trip Request or call our team at 1-888-265-9707 to speak with a travel specialist.

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